Isavasya OR Isa Upanisad
Brhadaranyaka Upanisad
Chandogya Upanisad
Taittiriya Upanisad
Aitareya Upanisad
Kausitaki Upanisad
Kena Upanisad
Katha Upanisad
Svetasvatara Upanisad
The Mundaka Upanisad
Prasna Upanisad
Mandukya Upanisad
Maitri Upanisad
Chapter One
Chapter Two
Chapter Three
Chapter Four
Chapter Five
Chapter Six
Chapter Seven
 
Maitri Upanisad

Chapter Six

14. Elsewhere it has been said: Food is the source (yoni) of all this. Time is the source of food, the sun of time. Its form consists of the units of time, moments and so on: it is the year, with its twelve parts. Half of it belongs to it is the year, with its twelve parts. Half of it belongs to Agni and half to Varuna. In the sunís course from Magha to half-way through Sravistha it belongs to Agni, and in its upward course from the constellation of the Serpents to halfway through Sravistha it belongs to Soma. In it, each part of the self has nine divisions according to the corresponding progress of the sun.

Because of the subtlety, this is the measure: time is of the thing to be measured. Without a measure, there is no getting hold of the thing to be measured. Moreover, because of its separateness, the thing to be measured becomes the measure for the purpose of making itself known. Someone has said: the one who worships time as Brahman moves on through all the divisions of time that there are, and time moves very far away from him.
Someone has said:
Because of time, beings move on;
Because of time, they grow up;
In time they reach their end;

Time, though unshaped, possesses shapes.

15. There are two forms of Brahman, time (kala) and the timeless (akala). That which was before the sun is timeless, without parts (akala). That which began with the sun is time, with pats (sakala). The form of that with parts is the year: for all creatures are born from the year; once born here, they live by the year; in the year they meet their end. So the year is Prajapati, time, food, the nest of Brahman, and the self. Someone has said:

Time ripens all beings
In the great self.
But the one who knows in what
Time is ripened, known the Veda.

16. The time that has a body is the ocean f creatures. Resting init is the one called Savitr from whom the moon, stars, planets, year, etc. are produced. From them comes all this here, whatever is seen in this world, fair or foul. So Brahman has the sun as its self. So one should worship the sun under the name of time: some say that the sun is Brahman. So someone has said:

The Hort, the enjoyer, the offering, the mantra,
The sacrifice, Visnu, Prajapati-
He is all these, the lord, the witness
Who shines in younger circle.

17. In the beginning all this was Brahman, one infinite: infinite to the east, infinite to the south, infinite to the west, infinite to the north, infinite upwards and downwards, infinite on every side. The directions, east and so on, do not apply to it, for the supreme self is inconceivable either across, downwards or upwards, immeasurable, unborn, unuessable, unthinkable, he has space as his self. In the universal dissolution, he is the one awake. From space he awakens this, which is pure consciousness. By this it is born, and in it meets its end. It is the radiant form of this that gives heat in the sun, and the brighter light that is in a smokeless fire, and the one who rests in the belly and digests food. Someone has said: the one who is in fire, the one who is in the heart and the one who is in the sun are one.
The one who knows this attains oneness with the one.

18. Then there is the method of practice called the six-limbed yoga: restraint of the breath, withdrawal, meditation, maintaining, thinking, concentration. When, seeing by this, one sees him, coloured like a gold piece, the maker the powerful one, the person, womb of Brahman, then knowing him one leaves behind good and evil and makes all one in the highest unfailing. Someone has said:

Just as deer and birds do not resort
To a mountain on fire,
Faults never resort
To one who known Brahman,



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